ORWO Color Positiv-Film PC 9

PC 9 is a multilayer film consisting of three emulsion layers selectively sensitive to green, red and blue light. The two upper emulsion layers are stained with screen dyes to avoid diffusion halos. The back of the film has a green antihalation layer that is removed during processing. In addition to the silver halides, each emulsion layer contains colorless dye formers which couple in the color developer to form image dyes. A partial color image then remains in each layer in the colors complementary to the sensitivity. A colored positive is obtained after complete processing in accordance with ORWO regulations. In contrast to the ORWOCOLOR positive film PC 7, the PC 9 has an inverted layer arrangement. The ORWOCOLOR positive film PC 9 is shown schematically below.

Layer structure PC9

Layer structure PC9


70mm, 35mm, 32mm and 16mm
Identification no. at 70mm and 35mm 440—; at 32 and 16mm 442—


Light marking for all widths:


Panchromatic tuned to incandescent light.

darkroom light

The ORWO darkroom protective filter 166 in connection with a 15-watt lamp at a minimum distance of 100 cm or the ORWO darkroom protective filter 164 with a glow lamp (beehive glow lamp of type B 107) should be used as darkroom light. For indirect room lighting, we recommend the light of a sodium vapor lamp with the ORWO darkroom protective filter 165.

color copy

The ORWOCOLOR positive film PC 9 serves as a copy film for flat graduated negatives, with and without a mask. Its color balance is kept in such a way that the lowest possible copy filter values ​​are required for copying mask negatives. The color copy can be made in the known way with filter strips containing gray filters and ORWOCOLOR control foils, or by additive filtering of the copying light. The gray filters and the control foils are supplied in the usual density gradations by VEB Filmfabrik Wolfen.


When copying the tone from the tone negative onto ORWOCOLOR positive film PC 9, an ORWO yellow filter must be used. The sound track is redeveloped, it consists of silver and dye.

Recommended developers


processing sequence

Develop, spray water, stop hardness fix, wash, bleach, wash, redevelop soundtrack, wash, fix, wash, dry.


The ORWOCOLOR positive film PC 9 should be developed to a gradation of about 3.0. The gradation progression of the ORWOCOLOR positive film PC 9 is shown in the figure below.

Gradation Plot PC9

Gradation Plot PC9

Source: ORWO cinema and television films III-18-177 Ag 004a/057/64 WP No. 202

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